Author: Daniel Lee

Nonviolence: The Only Road to Freedom

By. Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. The year 1966 brought with it the first public challenge to the philosophy and strategy of nonviolence from within the ranks of the civil rights movement. Resolutions of self-defense and Black Power sounded forth from our friends and brothers. At the same time riots erupted in several major…
Read more


September 5, 2017 0

“Give Us the Ballot, We Will Transform the South”

By: Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. In this speech, King makes a significant point: “avoid the temptation of being victimized with a psychology of victors.” Gandhi, too, was concerned to avoid triumphalism. . . .  Mr. Chairman, distinguished platform associates, fellow Americans. Three years ago the Supreme Court of this nation rendered in simple,…
Read more


September 5, 2017 0

Beyond Vietnam

By: Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. Mr. Chairman, ladies and gentlemen, I need not pause to say how very delighted I am to be here tonight, and how very delighted I am to see you expressing your concern about the issues that will be discussed tonight by turning out in such large numbers. I…
Read more


August 30, 2017 0

My Pilgrimage to Nonviolence

By: Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. On 10 July 1959, Christian Century editor Harold Fey asked King to write an article for “How My Mind Has Changed,” a series of “statements by significant thinkers” reflecting their intellectual and spiritual development over the previous ten years. In this essay, King stresses the academic influences that have led…
Read more


August 30, 2017 0

Letter from Birmingham Jail

By: Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. 16 April 1963 My Dear Fellow Clergymen: While confined here in the Birmingham city jail, I came across your recent statement calling my present activities “unwise and untimely.” Seldom do I pause to answer criticism of my work and ideas. If I sought to answer all the criticisms…
Read more


August 30, 2017 0

Anticipating Fear

By: Mary Elizabeth King Ku Klux Klan rally on the Louisiana State Capitol steps in Baton Rouge in the 1960s. State Library of Louisiana Historic Photograph Collection. Black History Month has many meanings. For me, it is a time to remember the tremendous contribution African Americans have made to the building of the United States—as…
Read more


August 30, 2017 0

A Manual For A New Era of Direct Action

By: George Lakey originally published on Waging Nonviolence. Movement manuals can be useful. Marty Oppenheimer and I found that out in 1964 when civil rights leaders were too busy to write a manual but wanted one. We wrote “A Manual for Direct Action” just in time for Mississippi Freedom Summer. Bayard Rustin wrote the forward. Some…
Read more


August 15, 2017 0

“Movement Schools” and Dialogical Diffusion of Nonviolent Praxis: Nashville Workshops in the Southern Civil Rights Movement

By: Larry W. Isaac,  Daniel B. Cornfield,  Dennis C. Dickerson,  James M. Lawson,  Jonathan S. Coley. While it is generally well-known that nonviolent collective action was widely deployed in the U.S. southern civil rights movement, there is still much that we do not know about how that came to be. Drawing on primary data that consist of detailed semi-structured interviews…
Read more


August 1, 2017 0

Gandhi’s Paradox : The Warrior and the Pacifist

By: Lester R. Kurtz CONVENTIONAL wisdom assumes that power grows out of the barrel of a gun, as Mao put it, or is given to those who steer a course down the mainstream. Mahatma Gandhi, however, is a “counterplayer” whose success lies not in accepting dominant paradigms but in challenging them. Most of the world’s…
Read more


August 1, 2017 0

Women and Civil Rights : A Personal Reflection

By: Mary Elizabeth King BACKGROUND In 1838, when the Antislavery Convention of American Women adopted a policy of using sit-ins and protest rides to resist slavery in the United States (Mabee, 1970, p. 115), it underlined the importance of refusing to cooperate with that cruel and inhumane system and foreshadowed the crucial role of women…
Read more


August 1, 2017 0